金银莲花 Nymphoides indica

  • Scientific Name: Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze
  • Ref: Revis. Gen. Pl. 2:429. 1891
  • Synonyms:
    • Limnanthemum calycinum Miq.
    • L. ecklonianum Griseb.
    • L. esquirolii H.Lév.
    • L. fraserianum Griseb.
    • L. indicum (L.) Griseb.
    • L. kleinianum Griseb.
    • L. orbiculatum Griseb.
    • L. wightianum Griseb.
    • Menyanthes brasilica Vell.
    • M. indica L.
    • M. macrophylla Roth ex Roem. & Schult.
    • M. meridionalis Willd. ex Griseb.
    • M. petioliflora Stokes
    • Nymphoides eckloniana (Griseb.) Kuntze
    • Villarsia communis A.St.-Hil.
    • V. eglandulosa Griff.
    • V. glandulosa Griff.
    • V. indica (L.) Vent.
    • V. macrophylla Roem. & Schult.
    • V. nymphaeifolia Fraser
    • V. platiphylla A.St.-Hil.
    • V. rheedei Kostel.
    • V. simsii G.Don
    • V. swartzii G.Don
  • English Common Name: banana plant, robust marshwort, water snowflake
  • Chinese Common Name: 金银莲花 jīn yínlián∙huā, 白花莕菜、báihuā xìngcài, 印度荇菜 Yìndù xìngcài
  • Japanese Common Name: ガガブタ [鏡蓋] gagabuta
  • Family: Menyanthaceae
  • Genus: Nymphoides
  • Distribution: Standing water; below 100-1600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific Islands].
  • Photo: 09/17/2019, Hangzhou Botanical Garden, Zhejiang
Rhizomes horizontal. Stems cylindric, unbranched. Petiole cylindric, 1-2 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to subcordate, 3-18 cm, subcoriaceous, abaxially densely glandular, base cordate, margin entire; veins indistinct, palmate. Flowers many, clustered at nodes, 5merous, distylous. Pedicel cylindric, 3-5 cm. Calyx 3-6 mm, lobed to near base; lobes lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, apex obtuse. Corolla white with a yellow center, 7-12 mm; lobes ovate-elliptic, outside densely fimbriate-pilose, apex obtuse. Filaments flattened, linear, 1.5-1.7 mm; anthers sagittate, 2-2.2 mm. Style cylindric; stigma lobes triangular. Capsules elliptic, 3-5 mm, few seeded. Seeds brown, globose, 1.2-1.5 mm; seed coat smooth. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 18 [or 36]. (Flora of China)

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