- Scientific Name: Hemipilia galeata Ying Tang, X.X.Zhu & H.Peng
- Ref: Phytotaxa 245:276. 2016
- Chinese Common Name: 盔花舌喙兰 kuīhuā shéhuì∙lán
- Family: Orchidaceae
- Genus: Hemipilia
- Distribution: moss covered Danxia rock, Wuyi Shan, Fujian.
- Photo: 05/08/2016, Lishui, Zhejiang
Terrestrial, erect herbs, 5–13 cm tall. Tubers ovoid, 4–6 mm long, 3 mm in diameter, neck with few roots. Stem slender, 1 mm in diameter, green with purple markings, with 1 tubular basal sheath. Leaf subbasal, solitary, elliptic, 1.5–3.0 × 0.8–2.2 cm, apex acute, base contracted into amplexicaul sheath, adaxially green with purple markings, rarely uniformly green, abaxially pale green. Inflorescence terminal, 1–13-flowered. Flowers pink and white, not scented. Ovary straight to slightly incurved, cylindrical, 5.0–9.5 mm long; floral bract connivent to ovary, elliptic to ovate, 2.8–3.0 × 1.8–2.3 mm, apex acuminate; dorsal sepal free, 1-veined, hemispheric, 2.3 × 2.1 mm, apex acute and forming a brim, adaxially white with pink markings; lateral sepals free, spreading, 1-veined, ovate, oblique, concave, 3.1–3.4 × 1.8 mm, apex obtuse, white to pale pink; petals connivent with dorsal sepal and forming a hood, suborbicular, oblique, 2.6 × 2.5 mm, apex obtuse, white above median vein and pink below; labellum spreading, rhomboidal, spurred at base, trilobed above middle; lateral lobes oblong, 2.4–4.2 × 0.7–1.5 mm, apex obtuse, pink; midlobe not divided, obovate, 4.2–5.3 × 2.1–3.3 mm, apex sometimes undulate, pink; disk white with pink markings; spur white, straight to slightly incurved, cylindrical, 5.0–9.5 mm long, slightly shorter than or equal to ovary, apex slightly bilobed, entrance 1.5–2.0 mm wide, with both a few hairs on abaxial interior surface and purple markings on lateral interior surface near entrance; anther erect, 1.8 mm long, 2-locular, locules parallel and closely spaced, purple; pollinia 2, sectile; caudicles strap-like, 1.1 mm long, transparent; viscidia 2, closely spaced, elliptic, 0.3 × 0.2 mm, transparent, each enclosed within a separate bursicle; bursicles formed by folding of rostellar arms; rostellum median lobe inconspicuous, lateral lobes grooved; stigma ventral, lobes 2, divergent, lamelliform, 0.8 × 0.3 mm, with purple markings at apex and a few hairs at base; auricles 2, stout, 0.6 mm long, each placed laterally at base of anther. (Phytotaxa 245:276. 2016)