- Scientific Name: Dysophylla yatabeana Makino
- Ref: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 12: 55. 1898.
Dysophylla linearis Bentham var. yatabeana (Makino) Kudo;
D. lythroides Diels;
D. martini Vaniot.
- Korea Common Name: Jeonju Mulkkoripul
- Chinese Common Name: 水蜡烛 shui la zhu
- Japanese Common Name: Midzu-toranoo
- Family: Lamiaceae
- Genus: Dysophylla
- Distribution: Rice paddies, open wet areas. Anhui, Guizhou, Hunan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
- Type: Japan. Prov. SHIMOOSA (Herb.! Sc. Coll. Imp. Tokyo, Aug. 23, 1879), Iwase (Herb.! l.c. July 21, 1884), Yawata (Herb.! l.c. Sept. 24, 1885), Mama (T. Makino! Sept. 1888, Sept. 1893, Oct. 6, 1895) ; Prov. MUSASHI : Koiwa-mura (T. Makino! Sept. 1888, July 1891), Bot. Gard. Imp. Univ. Tokyo, cult, (Herb.! Sc. Coll. Imp. Univ. Tokyo, Sept. 15, 1883).
Dysophylla lythroides Diels, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(89):1031. 1926. Chekiang(浙江): Yeu chow, Sui an(今属淳安), 1920-10-15, H.H. Hu(胡先骕) 520(Holotype:B).
- Note: in honour of Rigakuhakushi Ryokichi Yatabe, the author of Iconographia florae Japonicae, and the director of High Normal School.
Herbs perennial. Stems 40-60 cm tall, glabrous except for puberulent apex, usually unbranched or rarely short branched. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, narrowly lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 cm × 5-7 mm, papery, glabrous, inconspicuously brown glandular, margin entire or obsurely remote serrate toward apex, apex obtuse. Spikes 2.8-7 × ca. 1.5 cm, compact, sometimes interrupted at base; bracts purplish, linear-lanceolate, almost as long as corolla. Calyx ovoid-campanulate, 1.6-2 mm, pilose and rust colored glandular outside; teeth triangular, ca. 1/2 as long as calyx tube. Corolla purple-red, ca. 2 × as long as calyx, glabrous, limb subequally 4-lobed. Stamens much exserted; filaments densely purple-red barbate. Nutlets unknown. Fl. Aug-Oct.(Flora of China)