- Scientific Name: Circaea mollis Siebold & Zucc.
- Ref: Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(2):134. 1845
- Synonym: Circaea coreana H.Lév.
- English Common Name: south enchanter’s nightshade
- Chinese Common Name: 南方露珠草 nánfāng lùzhū∙cǎo
- Japanese Common Name: ミズタマソウ [水玉草] mizutamasō
- Family: Onagraceae
- Genus: Circaea
- Distribution: Deciduous forests; near sea level to ca. 2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India (Assam), Japan, Korea, N Laos, N Myanmar, SE Russia, N Vietnam].
- Photo: 08/14/2010, Qingliang Peak, Zhejiang
Plants 25-150 cm tall, pubescent with falcately recurved hairs. Rhizomes not tuberous. Leaves narrowly to broadly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 3-16 × 2-5.5 cm, base cuneate or occasionally rounded, margin subentire to denticulate, apex attenuate to slightly acuminate. Terminal raceme branched at base, rarely simple, 1.5-4 cm to ca. 20 cm; racemes at apex of axillary branches usually simple; flowering pedicel perpendicular to axis of raceme, without or rarely with a minute setaceous bracteole at base, commonly pubescent. Buds glabrous or pubescent with crisped, straight, capitate and clavately tipped glandular hairs. Floral tube 0.5-1 mm. Sepals spreading or somewhat reflexed in flower, pale green or whitish, 1.6-2.9 × 1-1.5 mm, apex abruptly shortly acuminate to obtuse or minutely mammiform. Petals white, obovate to broadly depressed-obovate, 0.7-1.8 × 1-2.6 mm, apical notch 1/4-1/2 length of petal. Stamens normally spreading at anthesis, shorter than or occasionally equal to, rarely longer than, style; nectary conspicuous, exserted beyond floral tube. Pedicel and mature fruit 5-7 mm. Fruit narrowly to broadly pyriform or globose, 2.6-3.5 × 2-3.2 mm, with prominent ribs and deep sulci, tapering concavely and obliquely to pedicel; fruiting pedicel reflexed, often sharply so. Ovary locules 2. Seeds 2. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 22*. (Flora of China)
08/14/2010, Qingliang Peak, Zhejiang