- Scientific Name: Hyacinthus orientalis
- Ref: Linnaeus Sp. Pl.: 317 1753.
- English Common Name: common hyacinth
- Chinese Common Name: 风信子 fēngxìnzǐ
- Family: Asparagaceae
- Subfamily: Scilloideae
- Tribe: Hyacintheae
- Genus: Hyacinthus
- Distribution: native range is S Turkey to N Israel, widly cultivated everywhere in the temperate world.
It is a bulbous plant, with a 3–7 cm diameter bulb. The leaves are strap-shaped, 15–35 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, with a soft, succulent texture, and produced in a basal whorl. The flowering stem is a raceme, which grows to 20–35 cm (rarely to 45 cm) tall, bearing 2–50 fragrant purple flowers 2–3.5 cm long with a tubular, six-lobed perianth. (Wikipedia)