- Scientific Name: Crocus sativus Linnaeus
- Ref: Sp. Pl. 1: 36. 1753.
- English Common Name: saffron crocus
- Chinese Common Name: 番红花 fānhónghuā, 藏红花 zànghónghuā
- Family: Iridaceae
- Genus: Crocus
- Distribution: origin in W or C Asia, cultivated throughout China [widely cultivated elsewhere, probably of hybrid origin in E Mediterranean region].
Corms ca. 3 cm in diam.; tunic light yellow or yellowish brown, reticulate fibrous. Leaves 9--15, 15--20 cm × 2--3 mm. Flowers 1 or 2, fragrant. Perianth purple; segments oblanceolate, 4--5 cm, apex obtuse. Stamens ca. 2.5 cm; anthers yellow, apex slightly curved, pointed. Style 3-branched at apex; branches recurved, deep red, 2.5 cm or more. Fertile seeds not produced. (Flora of China)