黄蜀葵Abelmoschus manihot

  • Scientific Name: Abelmoschus manihot (Linnaeus) Medikus
  • Ref: Malvenfam. 46. 1787.
  • Synonyms: Hibiscus manihot Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 696. 1753; H. japonicus Miquel.
  • English Common Name: Muskmallow; Sunset Huskmallow; Tropic Jewel Hibiscus
  • Chinese Common Name:黄蜀葵 huang shu kui
  • Family: Malvaceae
  • Genus: Abelmoschus
  • Distribution:Grasslands, streamsides, margins of farms; 1000-2100 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Nepal, Philippines, N Thailand].
  • Photo: 09/24/2010, Hangzhou Botanical Garden, Zhejiang
Herbs annual or perennial, 1-2 m tall, most parts long simple-hispid and minutely simple- or few-rayed pubescent. Stipules linear-lanceolate, sometimes 2 on each side of petiole, 1-1.5 cm; petiole 6-18 cm; leaf blade palmately 5-9-lobed, 15-30 cm in diam., lobes oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ± pinnately lobed, 8-18 × 1-6 cm, sparsely long hispid on both surfaces, margin robustly, obtusely serrate. Flowers solitary, subapical and forming terminal raceme; pedicel 1.5-4 cm. Epicalyx lobes 4 or 5, ovate-lanceolate, 15-25 × 4-5 mm, sparsely long hispid. Calyx spathaceous, minutely 5-lobed, nearly entire, longer than epicalyx, puberulent only, not hispid, caducous at fruiting. Corolla yellow with purple center, ca. 12 cm in diam. Staminal column 1.5-2.5 cm; anthers nearly sessile. Stigma purple-black, spatulate-disk-shaped. Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, 4-5 × 2.5-3 cm, densely hirsute. Seeds many, reniform, with several lines of hairs. Fl. Aug-Oct. (Flora of China)

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