龙珠 Tubocapsicum anomalum

  • Scientific Name: Tubocapsicum anomalum (Franchet & Savatier) Makino
  • Ref: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 22: 19. 1908.
  • Synonym: Capsicum anomalum Franchet & Savatier, Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 452. 1878; C. minimum Walker, not Miller; Solanum anodontum H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Tubocapsicum anomalum var. obtusum Makino; T. obtusum (Makino) Kitamura.
  • English Common Name: Japanese pepper
  • Chinese Common Name: 龙珠 lóngzhū
  • Japanese Common Name: ハダカホオズキ [裸酸漿] hadakahōzuki
  • Family: Solanaceae
  • Genus: Tubocapsicum
  • Distribution: Mesophytic sites in forests or open places; various elevations. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Indonesia, Japan including Ryukyu Islands, Korea, Philippines, Thailand].
  • Photo: 08/14/2010,Qingliangfeng,Zhejiang
Herbs perennial, glabrescent, to 1.5 m tall. Stems terete at base, drying ridged, branching dichotomously. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate, elliptic, or ovate-lanceolate, 5-18 × 3-10 cm, papery, base obtuse, margin subentire, apex acuminate or obtuse; veins arcuate. Inflorescences solitary or up to 12-flowered clusters. Pedicel 1-2 cm, nodding, slightly thicker distally. Calyx cup-shaped, 2-2.5 × 3 mm, truncate. Corolla bright yellow, short campanulate, 5-8 × 6-8 mm; lobes ovate-deltate, recurved, 2-3.5 mm, minutely ciliolate. Filaments ca. 0.5 mm; anthers ca. 1.8 mm. Style 2.5-3 mm. Fruiting calyx not enlarged. Berry shiny, scarlet, 0.8-1.2 cm. Seeds pale yellow, discoid, 1-1.5 mm across. Fl. Aug-Oct, fr. Sep-Nov. (Flora of China)

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