接骨木 Sambucus williamsii

  • Scientific Name: Sambucus williamsii Hance
  • Ref: Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 5:217. 1866
  • Synonyms: Sambucus barbinervis Nakai, S. buergeriana (Nakai) Blume ex Nakai, S. foetidissima Nakai, S. junnanica J.J.Vassil., S. latipinna Nakai, S. manshurica Kitag., S. microsperma Nakai, S. peninsularis Kitag., S. potaninii J.J.Vassil., S. racemosa subsp. manshurica (Kitag.) Vorosch., S. sieboldiana var. buergeriana Nakai
  • English Common Name: North China red elder
  • Chinese Common Name: 接骨木 jiēgǔ∙mù
  • Japanese Common Name: ニワトコ [庭常] niwatoko
  • Family: Viburnaceae
  • Genus: Sambucus
  • Distribution: Mountain slopes, scrub, streamsides, roadsides, beside houses; 500-1600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
  • Photo: 07/22/2010, Mt. Changbai, Jilin
Shrubs or small trees, 5-6 m tall. Old branches reddish brown, with conspicuous, narrowly elliptic lenticels; pith brownish. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets (1 or)2- or 3(-5)-jugate; lateral leaflets ovate-orbicular or narrowly elliptic to oblong-oblanceolate, 5-15 × 1.2-7 cm, base cuneate or rounded, sometimes cordate, asymmetrical, margin irregularly serrate, sometimes with 1 to several glandular teeth at base or below middle, apex acute to acuminate or caudate; lowest pair of leaflets sessile or petiole to ca. 0.5 cm; terminal leaflet ovate or obovate, adaxially sparsely pubescent when young, glabrescent, petiolule ca. 2 cm, base cuneate, apex acuminate or caudate; stipules narrowly linear or reduced to bluish protrusions. Inflorescences terminal cymose panicles, 5-11 × 4-14 cm, pedunculate, sometimes sparsely pubescent, soon glabrescent. Flowers appearing simultaneously with leaves, dense; calyx tube urceolate, ca. 1 mm, lobes triangular-lanceolate, slightly shorter than tube; corolla pinkish in bud, white or yellowish when open; tube short; lobes oblong or narrowly ovate-orbicular, ca. 2 mm; stamens spreading, ca. as long as corolla lobes; filaments slightly dilated at base; anthers yellow; ovary 3-loculed; styles short; stigmas 3-lobed. Fruit red, rarely bluish or purplish black, ovoid or subglobose, 3-5 mm in diam.; pyrenes 2 or 3, ovoid to ellipsoid, 2.5-3.5 mm, slightly rugose. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 36*. (Flora of China)

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