毛樱桃 Prunus tomentosa

  • Scientific Name: Prunus tomentosa Thunb.
  • Ref: J.A.Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14:464. 1784
  • Synonym: Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Masam. & S.Suzuki
  • English Common Name: Nanking cherry, Shanghai cherry, Chinese bush cherry, Chinese drawf cherry, Manchu cherry, Korean cherry, Ando cherry, downy cherry, mountain cherry
  • Chinese Common Name: 毛樱桃 máo∙yīngtao, 山樱桃 shān∙yīngtao
  • Japanese Common Name: ユスラウメ [梅桃/英桃/(山)桜梅] yusuraume, サンオウトウ [山桜桃] sanōtō (fruit)
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Genus: Prunus
  • Distribution: Forests on mountain slopes, forest margins, thickets, meadows, also cultivated; 100–3700 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan.
  • Photo: 03/20/2019, Hangzhou Botanical Garden, Zhejiang;
    07/14/2008, Mt. Changbai, Jilin
Shrubs usually 0.3–1 m tall, rarely arborescent and 2–3 m tall. Branchlets purplish to grayish brown; young branchlets densely tomentose or glabrous. Winter buds ovoid, sparsely pubescent or glabrous. Stipules linear, 3–6 mm, villous. Petiole 2–8 mm, tomentose, glabrescent; leaf blade ovate-elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 2–7 × 1–3.5 cm, abaxially grayish green and densely gray tomentose but glabrescent, adaxially dark green and pilose, base cuneate, margin coarsely and acutely serrate, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 4–7 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or 2 in a fascicle, opening before or at same time as leaves. Pedicel almost absent to 2.5 mm. Hypanthium tubular to cup-shaped, 4–5 mm, outside pubescent or glabrous. Sepals triangular-ovate, 2–3 mm, both surfaces pubescent or glabrous, apex obtuse to acute. Petals pink or white, obovate, apex rounded. Stamens 20–25, shorter than petals. Ovary hairy or only hairy at base or apex. Style exserted, slightly longer than stamens. Drupe red, subglobose, 5–12 mm in diam.; endocarp sides sparsely ribbed. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Jun–Sep. (Flora of China)

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