山梗菜 Lobelia sessilifolia

  • Scientific Name: Lobelia sessilifolia Lamb.
  • Ref: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10:260. 1811
  • Synonyms: Dortmanna sessilifolia (Lamb.) Kuntze; Lobelia camtschatica Pall. ex Spreng.; L. saligna Fisch.; Rapuntium kamtschaticum C.Presl
  • Chinese Common Name: 山梗菜 shān∙gěngcài
  • Japanese Common Name: サワギキョウ [沢桔梗] sawagikyō
  • Family: Campanulaceae
  • Genus: Lobelia
  • Distribution: Wet meadows; sea level up to 3400 m. Anhui (Jixi), N Guangxi, Heilongjiang, Hunan (Anjiang), Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Sichuan, NW Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia (Far East, Siberia)].
  • Photo: 08/14/2010, Qingliang Peak, Zhejiang
Herbs, perennial, 20-170 cm tall. Stems simple, glabrous. Leaves alternate, larger at middle part of stem, thickly papery, sessile; blade lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or narrowly elliptic, 1.8-9 × 0.2-2.2 cm, both surfaces glabrous, base rounded, truncate, obtuse, or cuneate, margin serrulate, apex acute or acuminate. Racemes terminal, 8-35-flowered, glabrous; bracts leaflike, lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, shorter than flowers but longer than pedicels; pedicels 5-24 mm, ebracteolate. Hypanthium campanulate, hemispheric, ellipsoid, obovoid, or obconic, 3-7 mm, glabrous; calyx lobes subulate or narrowly triangular, 4.5-12 × 1-3 mm, glabrous, margin entire, revolute. Corolla blue-purple or violet, 2.5-3.7 cm, 2-lipped, outside glabrous, inside villous; upper 2 lobes ascending, spatulate, 10-20 × 1.5-4 mm, equaling or longer than corolla tube; lower lobes elliptic, 10-21 × 2.3-6.5 mm, nearly as long as corolla tube, densely long ciliate. Stamens connate above base; filament tube glabrous; anther tube 4-6 mm, glabrous or villous along upper sutures toward apex; lower 2 anthers barbate at top. Capsule obovoid, broadly ellipsoid, or globose, 7-15 × 5-11.5 mm. Seeds brown-red, oblong or ellipsoid, 1.3-2 mm, terete but winged on one side, finely striate. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct. (Flora of China)

08/14/2010, Qingliang Peak, Zhejiang

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