头花水玉簪 Burmannia championii

  • Scientific Name: Burmannia championii Thwaites
  • Ref: Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 325. 1864
  • Synonyms: Burmannia dazielii Rendle; B. hunanensis K. M. Liu & C. L. Long.
  • Chinese Common Name: 头花水玉簪 tóuhuā shuǐyùzān
  • Family: Burmanniaceae
  • Genus: Burmannia
  • Distribution: Wet areas in forests; sea level to 1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Pacific islands].
  • Photo: 10/04/2010, Mount.Jiulong, Suichang, Zhejiang
 Plants without chlorophyll, holomycotrophic, flowering when 3-22 cm tall. Stems whitish, slender. Basal rosette leaves absent. Cauline leaves ovate-triangular, 1.5-6 × 1-3 mm. Inflorescences 3-13-flowered; bracts ovate-triangular, 1.5-6 mm. Flowers pedicellate or sessile, whitish with yellow tepals, 5-11 mm. Perianth tube 3-5 mm; wings reduced to ribs or absent; outer tepals narrowly triangular, 1.5-3 mm, margin single; inner tepals spatulate, 0.8-1.4 mm, margin single. Stamens sessile or with a short filament, basally adnate to perianth; connectives sometimes with 2 small apical crests but lacking a pendent basal spur. Ovary ellipsoid to obovoid, 2.5-3.5 mm. Capsule subglobose. Seeds subglobose. Fl. and fr. May-Aug.(Flora of China)

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