Bellflower Cherry

  • Scientific Name: Prunus campanulata
  • Ref: Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér.3, 29:103, 1884.
  • English Common Name: bellflower cherry, Taiwan cherry
  • Chinese Common Name: 钟花樱桃 zhōnghuā yīngtáo , 山樱花 shānyīnghuā
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Genus: Prunus
  • Distribution: Forests in ravines, forest margins; 100–1300 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam].
Trees or shrubs, 3–8 m tall. Bark blackish brown. Branchlets grayish brown to purplish brown; young branchlets green, glabrous. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous. Stipules soon caducous. Petiole 0.8–1.3 cm, glabrous, apex with 2 nectaries; leaf blade ovate, ovate-elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or with tufts of hairs in vein axils, adaxially green and glabrous, base rounded, margin acutely and usually somewhat irregularly serrate, apex acuminate; secondary veins 8–12 on either side of midvein. Inflorescences umbellate, 2–4-flowered; involucral bracts elliptic, ca. 5 × 3 mm, both surfaces appressed villous; peduncle 2–4 mm; bracts brown, rarely greenish brown, 1.5–2 mm, margin glandular serrate. Flowers 1.5–2 cm in diam., opening before leaves. Pedicel 1–1.3 cm, 1.5–2.5 in fruit and apically slightly swollen, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Hypanthium campanulate, ca. 6 × 3 mm, outside glabrous or very sparsely pilose, base slightly swollen. Sepals oblong, ca. 2.5 mm, persistent in fruit, margin entire, apex obtuse. Petals pink, obovate-oblong, apically darker and emarginate or rarely entire. Stamens 39–41. Style longer or rarely shorter than stamens, glabrous. Drupe red, ovoid, ca. 10 × 5–6 mm; endocarp ± sculptured. Fl. Jan–Mar, fr. Apr–May. (Flora of China)

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