石榕树

  • Scientific Name: Ficus abelii
  • Ref: Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 281. 1867.
  • Chinese Common Name: 石榕树 shíróngshù
  • Family: Moraceae
  • Genus: Ficus
  • Distribution: S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, SW Sichuan, Yunnan [NE Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand, Vietnam].
Shrubs, scandent, 1-2.5 m tall. Bark dark gray. Branchlets and petioles densely covered with short and thick gray-white hairs. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 4 mm, sparsely pubescent. Petiole 4-10 mm, pubescent; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 4-9 × 1-2 cm, papery, abaxially densely covered with yellow to gray-white short stiff hairs and soft pubescence, adaxially with scattered short and thick hairs but glabrescent, base cuneate, margin entire, apex shortly acuminate to acute; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially conspicuous, and adaxially impressed. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, purplish black to brown red when mature, ± pear-shaped, 1.5-2 cm in diam., densely covered with short stiff white hairs, base attenuated into a stalk, apical pore navel-like; peduncle 7-10 mm, with short thick hairs; involucral bracts triangular-ovate, hairy. Male flowers: scattered, subsessile; calyx lobes 3, shorter than stamens; stamens 2 or 3, unequal; anthers longer than filaments. Gall flowers: together with male flowers; calyx lobes connate, apically 3- or 4-lobed; ovary globose, with sparse small tubercles; style lateral, short. Female flowers: without calyx; style subapical, long; style linear. Achenes reniform, covered by a sticky membrane. Fl. May-Jul. (Flora of China)

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